Q&A (Fatwa)

#1019: Clarification On The Woman With Menstrual Cramps Without Bleeding On The Night Of Ramadaan And The Next Day Fast.

For the answer to this question pls, I need a little more clarification. Even without the intention to fast before dawn like she indicated, is the fast still acceptable?



The Questioner indicated that she had intended to fast until she experienced the cramps. She also indicated that she didn’t take Sahur with the assumption that she’ll see menstrual blood.

There are two possibilities in this experience.

The first, that she assumes that the taking of SAHUUR is the taking of intention to fast. She needs to understand that this is not the case. The Intention to fast may be made independent of the Sahur.

The Second, that she means that she changed her mind and did not intend to fast since she woke up at the time she’ll normally have taken the Sahur and assumed her menstrual flow was here.

It is true that the position of the majority of the Fuqahaa is that it is obligatory to have the intention to fast before the time of Salaatu Al-Fajr on a day of Ramadaan. This is based on the Hadith that was recorded by An-Nasa’i and At-Tirmidhi that the Rasul salallahu alayhi wasallam said:

من لم يبيت الصيام من الليل فلا صيام له

“Whomsoever does not intend to fast right from night- time has no fast”

Except that Intention, as Shaykhu Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah rahimahullah said is a decision to do something and it is established by a mere mental consciousness. He said:

“Whomsoever it dones on mentaly that he will be fasting the next day has already intended it”

It follows therefore that in the second scenerio, she did not intend to fast before Fajr and therefore has no fast even if she had not eaten anything.

What then is obligatory upon her is to complete the Fast and then observe one day of fasting in lieu of that day after Ramadaan, as compensation for what she missed.

And Allah knows best.

Barakallahu Fikum
Jazakumullahu Khayran.

Abū Asim

7th Shawwāl, 1441AH

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