Commentary on the Last Chapter in the Book Al-Murshidu Al-Mu’īn 06

Authored by: Polymath Imām Abū Muhammad Abdulwāhid Ibn 'Āshir Al-Mālikī rahimahullāh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلاة والسلام على المبعوث رحمة للعالمين وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين وبعد

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

Beloved Brothers and Sisters on the Platform, you are welcome to this morning’s session of the Halqah where we shall continue with our Commentary on the Last Chapter of the Book Al-Murshid Al-Mu’īn which is written by the Imām Ibn ‘Āshir Al-Mālikī rahimahullāh

We stopped at where the Imām said, rahimahullāh

يُطَهِّرُ الْقَلْبَ مِنَ الرِّيَاءِ                          وَحَسَدٍ عُجْبٍ وَكُلِّ دَاءِ

وَاعْلَمْ بِأَنَّ أَصْلَ ذِي الآفَاتِ               حُبُّ الرِّيَاسَةِ وَطَرْحُ الآتِي

رَأْسُ الْخَطَايَا هُوَ حُبُّ الْعَاجِلَةْ          لَيْسَ الدَّوَا إِلاَّ فِي الاِضْطِرَارِ لَهْ

_”He purifies the heart from Riyā; and Hasad, Ujub and all Diseases_

_And know that the cause of all other defects; Is the love of leadership and procrastination_

_The Head of all Evils is the love of the temporal and there is no cure except in showing desperation to Him (Allāh)_

And we explained _Ar-Riyā_

We continue by saying:

The second Disease of the Heart mentioned by the Imām in this Passage is Hasad, Envy

Know, O beloved One, that Hasad is one of the Worst of the Diseases of the Heart

It is the Disease that led to the cursing and the expelling of Shaytān. It is what led to the killing of Ābil by his brother and the mother of all vices

About it, Shaykhu Al-Islām Ibn Taymiyyah rahimahullāh said:

_”As for the heart, the realities of Īmān do not enter it if in it are the impurities of arrogance and Hasad (envy)”_

This is why Imām Al-Qurtubī, in his Tafsīr, _Al-Jāmi’ Li Ahkāmi Al-Qur’ān_ , mentioned that the one who envies is actually revelling against Allāh in five things:

First, that he hates the bounties that Allāh has given to his object of envy

Second, that he faults the allocation of bounties and resources that Allāh has given to all since Allāh was responsible for allocating His Bounties to His Creations

Third, That he opposes the doing of Allāh

Fourth, that he betrays his fellow beings, believers, since he dislikes what they enjoy of His Bounties

Fifth, he emulates and supports the evil deed of Iblīs, an enemy of Allāh

And Allāh said about it in the Qur’ān:

 أم يحسدون الناس على ما آتاهم الله من فضله {النساء: 54 }

 _”Do they envy people over that which Allāh has bestowed upon them of His Bounties?”_

Imām Abū Dāwud As-Sijistānī recorded in his Sunan from Abū Hurayrah radiyallāhu ‘anhu that the Rasūl salallāhu alayhi wasallam said

 إياكم والحسد، فإن الحسد يأكل الحسنات كما تأكل النار الحطب

 _”Beware of Envy for indeed envy eats up the good deeds just as fire consumes wood”_

And in the recording of Imām Al-Bukhārī rahimahullāh the Rasūl salallāhu alayhi wasallam said

 سلَّم: “لا تحاسدوا ولا تناجشوا ولا تباغضوا ولا تدابروا ولا يبع بعضكم على بيع بعض وكونوا عباد الله إخوانا ” [رواه البخاري]

 _”Do not envy on another, nor spie on one another, not hate on one another, nor turn your backs at one another, nor should you purchase the goods already in the bargain of one another. And be brothers in the Service of Allāh”_

May Allāh save our hearts from envy and protect us from it’s defects, Āmīn

Bārakallāhu Fīkum

We shall pause here today


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