Halqah Series

Kitābu Al-Jāmi’i from the Book: Bulūghu Al-Marām by Ibn Hajar 06

Halqah Series: Episode 123

*Shar’h Session*
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله رب العالمين
والصلاة والسلام على من بعث رحمة للعالمين
وعلى آله وصحيه ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين
Assalāmu alaykum Warahmatullāh Wabarakātuh
Alhamdulillāh Awwalan Wa Ākhiran
Honored brothers and sisters in Islām
You are welcome to this evening’s session of the Shar’h
We ask Allāh to make it beneficial for us all, āmīn
We stopped yesterday at the Hadīth of Nawwās Ibn Sam’ān radiyallāhu anhu:

وَعَنْ اَلنَوَّاسِ بْنِ سَمْعَانَ – رضي الله عنه – قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ رَسُولَ الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- عَنْ اَلْبِرِّ وَالإثْمِ؟ فَقَالَ: «اَلْبِرُّ: حُسْنُ اَلْخُلُقِ، وَالإثْمُ: مَا حَاكَ فِي صَدْرِكَ، وَكَرِهْتَ أَنْ يَطَّلِعَ عَلَيْهِ اَلنَّاسُ» أَخْرَجَهُ مُسْلِمٌ

“And from An-Nawwās Ibn Sam’ān – radiyallāhu ‘anhu – he said: I asked the Messenger of Allāh – salallāhu alayhi wasallam – about Piety and Sins. He said:

“Piety is Excellent Character and Sin is that which puts your heart in unrest and you dislike that people should be aware of.” Recorded by Muslim

And we explained it.

*The fourth Hadīth*

وعن ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: (إذا كنتم ثلاثة فلا يتناجى اثنان دون الآخر، حتى تختلطوا بالناس، من أجل أن ذلك يحزنه) متفق عليه واللفظ لمسلم

“From Ibn Mas’ūd – radiyallāhu ‘anhu – who said: The Messenger of Allāh – salallāhu alayhi wasallam – said: “Whenever you are three in a place, let not two discuss alone without the third. Until they (the three) are in the midst of a lot of people. This is because this saddens him (the third that was takes out of the discussion).”

The Hadīth is the wording reported by Muslim but Imām Al-Bukhāri also recorded the Hadīth with slightly different wording
As for Abdullah Ibn Mas’ūd, he was the illustrious Companion, the Faqīh, Abū ‘Abdurrahman ‘Abdullah Ibn Mas’ūd Ibn Ghāfil Al-Hudhalī Al-Makkī Al-Muhājirī – radiyallāhu ‘anhu
Imām Adh-Dhahabī – rahimahullāh – said about him in the Siyar:
He was of the people who accepted Islām and followed the Rasūl – salallāhu alayhi wasallam – at the onset of the Message
He was said to be dark in complexion, not tall and slim.
He memorized directly from the Rasūl – salallāhu alayhi wasallam – seventy plus Surahs and perfected its memorization and Tafsīr from him
Imām Ibn Hajar – rahimahullāh – said:
“He was among the countable intelligent and brilliant Ulamā. And Abdullah reported a high number of Ahādith from the Rasūl – salallāhu alayhi wasallam.”
He was of those that made the Hijrah to Habashah when it was done and also participated in the Hijrah to Madīnah
His mother was Umm ‘Abd and he used to be called by her name sometimes
This is recorded by Imām Ahmad in the Musnad
Due to his excellence and brilliance, the Rasūl – salallāhu alayhi wasallam – once said to him: “You are indeed a very learned boy”
He – salallāhu alayhi wasallam – also once said:
“Whosoever loves to recite the Qur’ān as fresh as it was sent down, then let him recite it in accordance to the recitation of Ibn Umm ‘Abd”

During the Caliphate of ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattāb, he sent Ibn Mas’ūd to Kūfah to teach people their Dīn and ‘Ammār Ibn Yāsir as their Amir and he said about them both:
They were indeed of the most brilliant companions of the Rasūl – salallāhu alayhi wasallam – so emulate them
And it was said that his words so much resembled those of the Rasūl – salallāhu alayhi wasallam – that they could easily be confused with his wordings
He was of those that served the Rasūl – salallāhu alayhi wasallam – and remained in his company always
And due to his closeness to the Rasūl – salallāhu alayhi wasallam – Abū Mūsā Al-‘Ash’arī – radiyallāhu ‘anhu – when he first came to Madīnah from Yemen thought that Ibn Mas’ūd was of the household of the Rasūl – salallāhu alayhi wasallam
He passed away – radiyallāhu ‘anhu – in Madīnah during the Khilāfah of ‘Uthmān – radiyallāhu ‘anhu – 32 years after the Hijrah at the age of 73
Radiyallāhu ‘anhu

In this Hadīth, he relates to us the statement of the Rasūl – salallāhu alayhi wasallam – concerning the Etiquettes of private discussions
The Rasūl – salallāhu alayhi wasallam – warned that whenever just three people are together, it is not permissible that two people should engage in private discussions leaving the third out either by virtue of talking discreetly, in a hush voice, or in another language

And the Rasūl – salallāhu alayhi wasallam – gave the reason that this is so because it will hurt the third person
So, the following scenarios apply:
1. That they are two person.
2. That they are three and two of them speak discreetly with the permission of the third to talk without him.
In this case, they can talk discreetly
This is permissible
3. That they are three and the two of them speak discreetly but the third does not get hurt by this. He probably feels a relief. Like when two children seated with their father talk discreetly without their father’s hearing. He may not get angry at this. Rather he may feel relieved at their noise.
This is permissible.
Reason: the causative factor (Illah) for the forbiddance has been stated by the Rasūl – salallāhu alayhi wasallam – to be the pains felt by this unwarranted issolation
4. That they are four and above and two of them involve in speech discreetly without the rest.
This is permissible if they don’t get hurt by it.
And impermissible if they get hurt by it
And Allāh knows best

And in this Hadīth is clear proof that to hurt your Muslim brother or to make him sad is Harām and unacceptable in the Sharī’ah

Therefore, anything that hurt another Muslim or makes him sad is Harām by consensus
Bārakallāhu fīkum

May Allāh ta’ālā accept our fast and make us of the elect. Āmīn
Jazākumullāhu Khayran




Islamnode is a platform for the dissemination of sound Knowledge of Islam and an orientation of Muslims of the Sciences of the Din in accordance with the Pristine Knowledge taught by the Rasul – Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam – to the Companions – Ridwanullah ‘Alayhim – and understood by them, their Students and those who followed them of the earliest generations. We follow the Sunnah of the Rasul – Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam – and promote the Works of the Ulama of Sunnah from the first generation to date. Our goal is to propagate the Sciences of Islam, to disseminate the sound understanding of the Salaf and to enable the sound education of Muslims in this era.

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